Laparoscopic surgery or Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) also commonly known as Keyhole Surgery is a revolution in GI surgery. Since last 20 years then there has been a rapid advancement in laparoscopic procedures.
This Key Hole surgery is less invasive and more comfortable for the patient than the traditional open surgeries. Initially this procedure was used only for gall bladder and appendix surgeries. But nowadays due to its enormous advantages and growing expertise among GI surgeons this laparoscopic procedures are used even in major cases like cancer surgeries and complex gastrointestinal surgeries for stomach, liver , pancreas , intestines, spleen, colon, rectum and even for fistula in ano ( VAAFT- Video assisted Anal Fistula Treatment).
In open surgeries the patients will have more stress and pain which is invoked by incisions and the retraction of tissues. The patients have longer hospital stay in open surgeries.
Advantages of Laparoscopy
In spite of all advantages and improvements in Laparoscopic surgeries, it cannot completely replace open surgeries, which even today remains the best option for some of the procedures.
Above all this there is a chance that any Laparoscopic surgery can be converted into an open procedure in less than 2 % of patients due to limitations. That decision to convert into an open procedure will be taken by the operating surgeon if the situation demands.
- Less post operative pain
- Faster return to normal life
- Lesser hospital stay
- Early return to routine work
- Very small scar which will give a good cosmetic result when compared to longer open surgical scar
Laparoscopic and Open G. I. Surgeries: